Despite the enormous amount of attention these kinds of robots have attracted, actual robots of this kind are still the stuff of science fiction. Some relate it to humanoid robots like those in Star Wars, The Terminator, and Star Trek: The Next Generation that attempts to pass for humans. Before learning more about robots, you should understand the differences between Strong AI and Week AI. Before deep diving into Robots, You must know about the Robots Made To Kill.
However, it has not yet been possible for humans to give a robot the “common sense” needed for trustworthy interaction with a changing environment. However, because of the work of Rodney Brooks and his colleagues at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab, humanoid robots are still being developed.
Most robots you’ll come across do unpleasant, dangerous, dull, or just dreadful duties. More than a million people presently use these kinds of robots. They are used in the industrial, medical, aerospace, and aviation fields. The bulk of artificial intelligence today is made up of these robots.
Restocking of top-selling toys like Teckno, Polly, and AIBO ERS-220 occurs every Christmas season. Some robots, like the upcoming Mars Exploration Rover and the Mars Rover Sojourner, allow us to explore challenging terrain. Children of all ages may also have fun playing with other robots simultaneously.
If you think playing with robots is fun, wait until you try building one. Nicholas Negroponte tells a story in Being Digital about an 8-year-old boy who attended a Hennigan School televised presentation of the LEGO/Logo work of the MIT Media Lab. The child was repeatedly asked whether he was enjoying himself while playing with LEGO/Logo by an enthusiastic anchor looking for a catchy sound bite. The boy said, “Yes, but it’s hard fun,” after three tries to get him to speak about delight. The child was clearly angry, but they didn’t want to infuriate her, so they made an effort to distract her first.
But first, let’s define a robot.
What do you see a robot as being like? A device that mimics you and me in some ways? In actuality, robots may take on various shapes and sizes. They don’t have to resemble people. Most don’t. A robot’s function determines the form it assumes.
Robots that can fly may resemble helicopters or have wings that resemble those of insects or birds. Small cleaning robots look like miniature vacuum cleaners. Robots typically add human-like characteristics like a face, eyes, and mouth to connect with people more effectively.
No matter how human-like it seems, a robot is made up mostly of three things: sensors, actuators, and software. I/O/CS, or input/output/control systems A robot can first see its environment thanks to its sensors. When taken as a whole, these features set a robot apart from other household gadgets and equipment like your computer, washer, and toaster.
Robots will be able to “see,” “hear,” and “feel” the environment around them in a similar fashion to how humans do by utilizing our senses of sight, hearing, and touch. This will be accomplished by employing light sensors, cameras, microphones, and pressure sensors.
Depending on its purpose, a robot will need several types of sensors. The bumper of a robot vacuum cleaner might utilize pressure sensors to identify barriers. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) is a robot’s group of sensors to maintain flight stability.
Robots use some senses, some of which are quite unlike those of humans. A robot has actuators that allow it to move. A robot could use actuators like motors and tyres to move around and grippers shaped like fingers to grasp and move objects. To pick up and peel an orange, we use our hands, and to run and walk, we use our feet.
Third, a robot needs software to react to its surroundings on its own. For this kind of independence, the word “autonomy” is employed. Let’s examine this idea of autonomy in greater detail.
Contrary to appearances, there is no universally accepted definition of a robot. However, there are several characteristics that a robot must possess, and being aware of them may help you distinguish between what is and isn’t a robot. It will also direct your consideration of a machine’s characteristics to be classified as a robot.
The essential characteristics of a robot are as follows:
The first prerequisite for sensing your robot is the capacity to recognize its actual surroundings. This would be accomplished by utilizing a device similar to your sensory processing. If you give your robot the following senses, it will be more aware of its surroundings: visual (eyes), tactile (hands), olfactory (nose), acoustic (ears), and gustatory (taste) (tongue).
For a robot to be mobile, it must move. Whether on legs, wheels, or thrusters, a robot must move. As the Sojourner or the Canada Arm, a robot must be capable of full or partial movement.
When selecting how your robot will receive its energy, it is crucial to consider its needs. A robot may operate on solar power, regular electricity, or batteries. The robot has to be able to produce its own ability to work.
Intelligence Robots must be intelligent in some way. The “intelligence” of a robot is the product of a programmer’s labor. The robot will need a way to get the required software to do its job. This is where programming enters the picture to finish it.
The issue of “What precisely is a robot?” then emerges.
Using robotics, students are immersed in a problem-solving environment, which calls for interdisciplinary abilities. Simply put, it is a collection of linked parts—sensors, controls, manipulators, power sources, and software—each of which is intended to perform a particular task. For robot design, building, programming, and testing, physics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, structural engineering, mathematics, and computers are required. In some instances, biology, medicine, or chemistry are involved.